Updating Data in MySQL Database using Java with JDBC


In this tutorial, we’ll explore how to update data in a MySQL database using Java with JDBC (Java Database Connectivity). We’ll cover the process of establishing a database connection, preparing and executing SQL UPDATE statements, and handling exceptions.


Updating data in a database is a common operation in many applications. With JDBC, Java developers can easily perform update operations on MySQL databases programmatically. This tutorial will guide you through the steps required to update data in a MySQL database using Java.


  • Basic knowledge of Java programming language.
  • Installed MySQL Server.
  • MySQL Connector/J library added to your Java project.

Setting Up the Database Connection:

First, we need to establish a connection to the MySQL database using the JDBC driver. The connection parameters such as URL, username, and password must be provided.

String url = “jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/your_database”;
String username = “your_username”;
String password = “your_password”;


Performing an SQL UPDATE Operation:

To update data in a MySQL table, we use an SQL UPDATE statement. We’ll prepare a parameterized SQL statement with placeholders for the values to be updated.

String sql = “UPDATE TableName SET column1 = ?, column2 = ? WHERE condition_column = ?”;
String newValue1 = “new_value1”;
String newValue2 = “new_value2”;
int conditionValue = 10;

try (Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, username, password);
PreparedStatement pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql)) {

pstmt.setString(1, newValue1);
pstmt.setString(2, newValue2);
pstmt.setInt(3, conditionValue);

int rowsAffected = pstmt.executeUpdate();
System.out.println(rowsAffected + ” row(s) updated.”);

} catch (SQLException e) {
System.out.println(“Error: ” + e.getMessage());


In this tutorial, we’ve learned how to update data in a MySQL database using Java with JDBC. By following similar steps, you can perform other CRUD operations such as INSERT, SELECT, and DELETE. JDBC provides a powerful and flexible way to interact with databases from Java applications, making it a valuable tool for developers building database-driven applications.

Stay tuned for more tutorials on JDBC and database interaction in Java!


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